In the olden days, India was known as 'sone ki chiriya' or the golden bird because of the immense richness of its natural resources.
Towards the north of India lies the high and Himalayan mountain range.
These mountains prevented people from entering India but the Khyber Pass and the Bolan Pass in the mountains made it possible for many people to invade India.
Rulers of others countries wanted to come to India to plunder its wealth.
Some Greek rulers like Alexander the Great in 326 B.C. came just for a short time.
Other invaders to arrive in ancient India were Scythians, Kushans and Huns. They established few kingdoms in India.
Ghori also came to loot India
Ghori left behind some governors due to which the Muslim rule started in INdia.
They ruled as the Delhi Sultunate, in which there were many dynasties of the Muslim rulers.
Then came the Mughals in 1526 under Babur, and they ruled in India for a long time.
The Mughls came from what is now known as Uzbekistan. They changed the history of India.
Then from the sea route came the Portuguese, the French and the British.
The Mughal Emperor Jahangir allowed the British to trade in India when Sir Thomas Roe asked him for permission.
This gave way to the British rule in India after the first Battle of Plassey in 1757. The British conquered nearly the whole of India.
Till the year 1857 the Mughal continued to rule. The Britishers then removed the last Mughal Emperor and sent him to Rangoon.
The British ruled India till 15th August, 1947 when India got its independence.
Babur and guru nanak
It is said that the great Guru Nanak met Babur. When he met Guru Nanak, Babur had not yet become the Emperor of India.
Babur was a king of what is now called Uzbekistan.
He had come to invade the city of Saidpur (now known as Eminabad) in 1521.
Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, was then on his travels to spread his teachings to countries beyond India.
When Guru Nanak came to Saidpur to meet his follower Lalo, he saw mutilated bodies lying around, women crying and housed destroyed. All these were the consequences of Babur's military attack.